Sira was politically and militarily an important region of south India prior to the British Raj. Sira Province was ruled by the Bijapur Kings from 1638 to 1687. The Suba or Province of Sira of the Mughal Empire with its capital at Sira town lasted from 1687 to 1757.
The Marathas wrested the province from Mughals and held it from 1757 to 1759, when the Mughals regained it. In 1761, Haidar Ali whose father Sheikh Fateh Mohammed occupied an important position in the local Mughal Army declared his independence from the Mughal Empire and declared himself the ‘Nawab’ of the province. He called himself ‘Nawab Haider Ali Bahadur’ but lost the province to the Marathas from 1766 until 1774 when his son Tipu Sultan, captured it for him.
Kasturi Rangappa Nayaka Fort: This beautiful fort is named after the ‘Nayaka’ ruler. It is symbolic of the hold the Nayaka community rulers once had on Sira.
Later SHAIK FATEH MOHAMMED father of HAIDER ALI defeated nayakars but it was still under the control of Delhi emperor ASAF UD DAULAH.
Later NAWAB HAIDER ALI BAHADUR taken back from delhi emperor Asaf ud daulah.
Province of Sira
The Mughal province of Sira shown in a map of South India at the time of the Anglo-French Wars in the Carnatic, 1746–1760
The Province of Sira in southern India was a province (suba) of the Mughal empire that was established in 1687 and lasted until 1757. The province, which comprised the Carnatic region south of the Tungabhadra river, had its capital in the town of Sira. Known also as Carnatic-Balaghat, it was composed of seven districts): Basavapatna, Budihal, Sira, Penukonda, Dod-Ballapur, Hoskote, and Kolar; in addition, Harpanahalli, Kondarpi, Anegundi, Bednur, Chitaldroog, and Mysore were considered by the Mughals to be tributary states of the province.
Qasim Khan (also, Khasim Khan or Kasim Khan) was appointed the first Subahdar (governor) of the province in 1686. After successfully “regulating and improving” the province for eight years, he died in 1694 under mysterious circumstances, either during an assault by Maratha raiders, or by his own hand in disgrace after the raiders seized a treasure in his care.
Most subahdars who came after him lasted only a year or two, and the frequent changes at the helm continued until the appointment of Dilavar Khan in 1726, whose term, which lasted until 1756, finally brought some stability to the province. In 1757, Sira was overrun by the Marathas, only to be restored to the Mughals again in 1759.
Two years later, Haidar Ali, whose own father had been the Mughal military governor (or Faujdar) of Kolar district in the province, captured Sira, and soon conferred on himself the title of “Nawab of Sira.”
However, the defection of his brother, a military governor, in 1766 caused the province to be lost again to the Marathas, who retained it until Haidar’s son, Tipu Sultan, recaptured it for his father in 1774.
The Subahdars of Sira
Name Period of tenure Name Period of Tenure
Qasim Khan 1686–1694 Ghalib Khan 1713–1714
Atish Khan 1694–1697 Darga Quli Khan 1714–1715
Murad Mansur Khan 1697–1704 Abid Khan 1715–1716
Dliakta Masnur Khan 1704–1706 Mulahavar Khan 1716–1720
Pudail Ulla Khan 1706–1707 Darga Quli Khan 1720–1721
Daud Khan 1707–1709 Abdul Rasul Khan 1721–1722
Sa’adatullah Khan 1709–1711 Tayar Muhammad Khan 1722–1726
Amin Khan 1711–1713 Dilavar Khan 1726–1756
The capital and its monuments
The Lal Bagh gardens in Bangalore, which were commissioned by Haidar Ali and designed after the Khan Bagh gardens in Sira. They are shown here in a 1794 etching.
The capital of the province, Sira town, too, prospered most under Dilavar Khan and expanded in size to accommodate 50,000 homes. Palaces and public monuments of Sira became models for other edifices. Both Haidar Ali’s palace in Bangalore and Tipu Sultan’s in Seringapatam were modeled after Dilavar Khan’s palace in Sira.
Moreover, according (Imperial Gazetteer of India: Provincial Series 1908), Bangalore’s Lal Bagh as well as Bangalore fort may have been designed after Sira’s Khan Bagh gardens and Sira fort respectively.
Sira’s civil servants, however, could not be as readily reproduced: after Tipu Sultan had succeeded his father as Sultan of Mysore in 1782, he deported 12,000 families, mainly of city officials, from Sira to Shahr Ganjam, a new capital he founded on Seringapatam island.
Presently there is no Protection to this Historical fort. But there is always hope. Dr. Ramesh, a dentist from SIRA is fighting to make better and protected Place
To enter the fort you have pass thru’ 3 layer of protection
Even unprotected fort is struggling to protect itself from the human invasion.
The fort was protected by a water canal and water was supplied by ” dodda- kere” ( big- tank). its about 20 ft depth.
The work on the entrance door frame. The door isvery big and it was told that it can easily accommodate elephant traffic 🙂
You can see the how fort wall on the fort constructed, it was by bricks and surki (Hopefully)
If you see Sira, you can make out the Bangalore Fort ( Partly left, near City Market and Devanahalli Fort, Also know as Tippu FORT ) is replica of our Rangappa nayaka Fort
This may be one of the well which used to be main supply of water to the palace.
Left over pipe line ( made from Clay)
Once Proud Palace now a ruins, some else with no connection trying to bring some pride back
bad mind destroyed the art 😦
How to Reach Sira:
Its 120 Kms from Bangalore on national High way 4
Pls visit this magnificent fort.
I will write more blog on Sira’s other historical place soon ‘
Lets be proud of our history
Friends Pls add your feedback and comments. Its very imp to me.